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English (First Class Honors), Presidency College, Calcutta, 1959. Honorary faculty, Tsing-hua University, Beijing. transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of Marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism's "worlding" of the world. A key theme of Gayatri Spivak's work is agency: … Steve Paulson interviews Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak JULY 29, 2016 BY NOW THE HEADY DAYS of deconstruction feel like a curious remnant from another era, as passé as big hair and parachute pants. Finding the neat polarities of tradition and modernity, colonial and postcolonial, no longer sufficient, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak argues that aesthetic education is the last available instrument for implementing global justice and democracy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. forthcoming), A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Towards a History of the Vanishing Present (1999), Song for Kali: A Cycle (translation with introduction of Ramproshad Sen, 2000), Chotti Munda and His Arrow (translation with critical introduction of a novel by Mahasweta Devi, 2002), Death of a Discipline (2003), Other Asias (2005), An Aesthetic Education in the Age of Globalization (2012), Readings (2014), Walking with Du Bois (forthcoming from Harvard), Gramsci and the Schucht Sisters (first translation of Gramsci’s conversation with wife and sister-in-law from prison, with critical Afterword in collaboration with Ursula Apitzsch et al., forthcoming from Fordham.) Gayatri Spivak, one of the most influential scholars in critical theory today, addresses the issues of multi-culturalism, international feminism, and post-colonial criticism, in an exciting new collection of her recent work. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is University Professor, and a founding member of the Institute for Comparative Literature and Society. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. In Other Worlds book. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak It should not be possible to read nineteenth-century British literature without remembering that imperialism, understood as England's social mission, was a crucial part of the cultural representation of England to the English. 602 Philosophy Hall, Mail Code: 4927, United States, The Department of English and Comparative Literature, A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present, The Post-Colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues, In Other Worlds: Essays In Cultural Politics, The Department of English And Comparative Literature, Columbia University in the City of New York, B.A./M.A. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak offers an overtly political challenge to the way we think about literature and culture. I hope you will situate my paper within your thinking of “a problem for thought.” As I told you in personal conversation, I did not want you to be on the panel because you would be too authoritative for me. An understanding of contemporary relations of power, and of the Western intellectual's role within them, re­ quires an examination of the intersection of a theory of representation and the political economy of global capi­ talism. Updates? This volume focuses on her key theoretical concepts, intellectual context and critical reception, providing an accessible introduction to one … Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak was born in Calcutta, West Bengal, 24 February 1942 to “solidly metropolitan middle class” parents (PCC). A Critique of Post-Colonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is University Professor, and a founding member of the Institute for Comparative Literature and Society. Activist in rural education and feminist and ecological social movements since 1986. - Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Introduction Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is an Indian scholar, literary theorist, and feminist critic. English (First Class Honors), Presidency College, Calcutta, 1959. Ph.D. Harvard, 448 pp., £30.95, June 1999, 0 674 17763 0 Show More. Fields: The long 19th century (1789-1920) in British, French and German literary production; politics of culture; feminism; Marx, Derrida; globalization. by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak [OPENING AT 2018 MLA: Thank you, Nahum [Chandler], for being here. * Published on May 26, 2017. Critical of “phallogocentric” (imperialist as well as Marxist) historical interpretation, Spivak accused “bourgeois” Western feminists of complicity with international capitalism in oppressing and exploiting women of the developing world. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is a critic, theorist, translator, and activist. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, (born February 24, 1942, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India), Indian literary theorist, feminist critic, postcolonial theorist, and professor of comparative literature noted for her personal brand of deconstructive criticism, which she called “interventionist.”. B.A. ', 'Love is just a four letter word! Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Professor at The European Graduate School / EGS. Psychology Press, 1993 - Literary Criticism - 335 pages. Show More. She was appointed University Professor at Columbia in 2007. She thus belonged to the “first generation of Indian intellectuals after independence,” a more interesting perspective she claims, than that of the Midnight’s Children, who were “born free by chronological accident” (Arteaga interview). Nonetheless, the feminist scholar Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak cautioned against an over … 2000; Chief advisor, relationship between statistics and narrative in reporting feminized poverty in the rural-urban interface in West A theory of representation points, on the one Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gayatri-Spivak, Emory University - Biography of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Center for Digital Discourse and Culture - Gayatri Spivak. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's original essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?" (2014), “Can there be a Feminist World?” (2015). Quotes by the Literary Critic Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. 1. She permanently challenges key ideas in various fields including Marxism and Post-Marxism, Poststructuralism and Feminism. In a series of later essays Spivak urged women to become involved in, and to intervene in, the evolution of deconstructive theory. (The Spivak was awarded the Padma Bhushan, one of India’s highest honours, in 2013. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak Can the Subaltern Speak? She is a University Professor at the Columbia University and a founding member of the establishment's Institute for Comparative Literature and Society. Comparative Literature, Cornell University, 1967. A critical analysis of Spivak's classic 1988 postcolonial studies essay, in which she argues that a core problem for the poorest and most marginalized in society (the subalterns) is that they have no platform to express their concerns and no voice to affect policy debates or demand a fairer share of society’s goods. considered a founding text of postcolonialism, and for her translation of … B.A. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (born,1942, Calcutta, India) into a middle class family. Educated in Calcutta (B.A., 1959) and at the University of Cambridge and Cornell University (Ph.D., 1967), she taught English and comparative literature at the Universities of Iowa, Texas, Pittsburgh, and Pennsylvania and at Columbia University. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (b. 7 quotes from Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: 'When we seem to have won or lost in terms of certainties, we must, as literature teachers in the classroom, remember such warnings -- let literature teach us that there are no certainties, that the process is open, and that it may be altogether salutary that it is so. She did her undergraduate work in English at the University of Calcutta (1959), graduating with first … Significant articles: "Subaltern Studies: Deconstructing Historiography" (1985), "Three Women's Texts and a Critique of Imperialism" (1985), "Can the Subaltern Speak?" She left for the United States of America to pursue her academic career in the late 1950s. Note: Thus far no material links to Works, Gender Matters, or Historical Contexts. Yet Narcissus was a boy! 1 Review. Her mother tongue is Bengali. and East Africa, with colleagues at Columbia and the Universities of Ghana-Legon and Nairobi; Series Editor and fundraiser, Bandhan Bank Bengali Library, Columbia University Press, 2019. Ph.D. eISBN: 978-0-674-50416-5. She is a critical theorist whose work has been particularly influential to the field of post-colonialism, for which she is often referred to as … See what Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak said and how they align to literary criticism. Breaking rules of the academy and trespassing disciplinary boundaries have been central to the intellectual projects of Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, one of the leading literary theorists and cultural critics of our times. Omissions? While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. [1] She is best known for the essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Books: Myself Must I Remake: The Life and Poetry of W. B. Yeats (1974), Of Grammatology (translation with critical introduction of Jacques Derrida, De la grammatologie, 1976), In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics (1987; Routledge Classic 2002), Selected Subaltern Studies (ed., 1988), The Post-Colonial Critic: Interviews, Strategies, Dialogues (1990), Thinking Academic Freedom in Gendered Post-Coloniality (1993; much reprinted), Outside in the Teaching Machine (1993; Routledge classic 2003), Imaginary Maps (translation with critical introduction of three stories by Mahasweta Devi, 1994), The Spivak Reader (1995), Breast Stories (translation with critical introduction of three stories by Mahasweta Devi, 1997), Old Women (translation with critical introduction of two stories by Mahasweta Devi, 1999), Imperatives to Re-Imagine the Planet / Imperative zur Neuerfindung des Planeten (ed. From overcoming oppression, to breaking rules, to reimagining the world or waging a rebellion, these women of history have a story to tell. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is an Indian scholar, literary theorist, and feminist critic. Various publications of Marxist cultural theory in Bengali. Read 7 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The book seemed such an attack on the few social gains made by feminism. D. Litt, University of Toronto, 1999; D. Litt, University of London, 2003; D. Hum, Oberlin College, 2008; D. Honoris Causa, Universitat Roveri I Virgili,  2011; D. Honoris Causa, Rabindra Bharati, 2012; Kyoto Prize in Thought and Ethics, 2012; Padma Bhushan 2013; D.Honoris Causa, Universidad Nacional de San Martin, 2013; D. Litt, University of St. Andrews, 2014; D. Honoris Causa, Paris VIII, 2014; Presidency University, 2014; D. Hum, Yale University, 2015; D. Litt, University of Ghana-Legon, 2015; D. Honoris Causa, Universidad de Chile, 2016; Lifetime Scholarly Achievement Award, Modern Language Association of America, 2018; Doctor Honoris Causa, Babes-Bolyai University, 2021. Program for Columbia Undergraduates, Political Theory and Critical Social Theory. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is an Indian scholar, literary theorist, and feminist critic. D. (1988), "The Politics of Translation" (1992), "Moving Devi" (1999), "Righting Wrongs" (2003), "Ethics and Politics in Tagore, Coetzee, and Certain Scenes of Teaching" (2004), "Translating into English" (2005), "Rethinking Comparativism" (2010), "A Borderless World" (2011), "General Strike" (2012),  "Crimes of Identity" (2014), "Our World" (2014). In her first full treatment of postcolonial studies, a field that she helped define, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, one of the world's foremost literary theorists, poses these questions from within the postcolonial enclave. Subjects: Sociology × Close Overlay In Literature from Cornell University (USA) while teaching at University of Iowa. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is best known for her impact and contributions on contemporary cultural studies and critical theories. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Meet extraordinary women who dared to bring gender equality and other issues to the forefront. Activist in the sphere of Development through subordinated language intervention, with an African focus, since 2000. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak is University Professor, and a founding member of the Institute for Comparative Literature and Society. In 1976 Spivak published Of Grammatology, an English translation of French deconstructionist philosopher Jacques Derrida’s De la grammatologie (1967). Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, Indian literary theorist, feminist critic, postcolonial theorist, and professor of comparative literature noted for her personal brand of deconstructive criticism, which she called ’interventionist.’ Learn more about Spivak’s life and work. She is University Professor at Columbia University and a founding member of Columbia’s Institute for Comparative Literature and Society. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (born 24 February 1942) is an Indian theorist, philosopher and University Professor at Columbia University, where she is a founding member of the school's Institute for Comparative Literature and Society. The world's most renowned critical theorist -- who defined the field of postcolonial studies -- has radically reoriented her thinking. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Professor Spivak was born in India and received a B.A. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Willi Goetschel, 1999; 2d ed. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's 39 research works with 1,071 citations and 5,094 reads, including: Political Concepts: A Critical Lexicon 1959: First class honours degree in English at the University of Calcutta 1962: Master's in English from Cornell University (USA), 1967: Ph.D. Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak, A Critique of Postcolonial Reason. Her critical writings included In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics (1987), The Post-Colonial Critic (1990), Thinking Academic Freedom in Gendered Post-Coloniality (1992), Outside in the Teaching Machine (1993), A Critique of Postcolonial Reason (1999), Death of a Discipline (2003), Other Asias (2005), and Readings (2014). 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